Published on October 28th, 2018 | by ozlem0
[Guide to Echeveria] Learn About Types, Care, Watering, Propagation, and More
Many succulents are altering the conventional houseplants. Echeveria is one of the most widespread types of succulents all around the world. I can see why it is loved so much. Because they look gorgeous and exotic with minimal effort!
Since they are everywhere, a lot of people are asking many questions about Echeverias. So I decided to collect every aspect on how to grow an Echeveria under this post, wide and deep… I hope you and many others will find the answers you’ve been looking gorgeous.
Let’s start, shall we?
Identification of the Genre: What is an Echeveria?
Echeveria succulent plants are members of the Crassulaceae family. They are native endemics from Central America, Mexico, and South America.
These desert plants are evergreen with thick leaves forming around a central stalk in the shape of a rosette. Large and pillowy leaves of these tight rosettes are the water storage of the plant, developed as a climatic adaptation.
Echeverias have an extremely large gorgeous of shapes, sizes, and colors. They can most of the times develop red or purple hues on the edges of their leaves, although the blue-green/dark green color they usually have.
Fun Fact: The genre after the 18’th century botanical artist called Atanasio Echeverria y Godoy from Mexico, who documented many Echeveria species of Central Mexico.
How Big does an Echeveria Grow?
Short and wide rosettes of Echeverias can grow around 5 to 15 centimeters (maybe more) of a width. But they rarely reach to a length more than 5-10 centimeters.
Tip: If an Echeveria is grown too big and disturbed by an arrangement or a pot, it can be cut from the top and propagated in a short time.
Climatic Issues: Indoor or Outdoor?
Echeverias make the great floor covering plants for the rock gardens. However, if kept outside, they will require a temperate climate all year long. Echeverias are very tender to cold and sudden drop in the temperature, in particular among the other succulents.
But if you live where winters get real, you can still enjoy these beautiful succulents. You can care them interior pots instead, or move them to indoors for the freezing winters.
The biggest concern about growing Echeverias, like many succulents, indoor spaces is that they will not get as much sunlight as they do outside.
My advice to you is to be considerate about both the temperature and the lightning when you choose where to keep your Echeveria succulents.
How to Care an Echeveria Indoor?
Echeverias actually are very easy to care indoors, cause they are hardy to hot and drought. There is absolutely no need that you have to check them often and give a special care that takes time and money. They live healthy a long, long time just on their own. Isn’t it cool?
Echeverias Love Sunlight!
As they were originated from Mexican deserts, Echeverias love full sun. They must have a few hours of direct sunlight every single day. This way your plants will stay healthy and colorful. Don’t forget that they produce beautiful colors thanks to the sunlight.
However, protect your Echeveria succulent from the hot afternoon sun in the summertime. If Echeverias subjected to a very strong summer sun, their leaves will get burnt and scarred permanently.
Also, the dramatically changing amount of the sunlight is a stress source for your Echeverias. If you are going to move your outdoor succulents to the interior places, do it gradually.
Echeverias which are taken care indoors should be kept near the window that gets the best sunlight, preferably one that faces to South in order to get all the possible sun during winter.
The Right Watering of Echeverias
Echeverias require a rare watering. But that does not mean they can leave them without water. They are living plants after all, regardless how hardy they are.
You should water to Echeverias once in a while, but pouring a big amount. Keep water running through the soil until it is completely wet and let the soil drain all the water inside. Echeverias do not like to stay in a wet soil. Repeat this watering process if needed.
After you water your Echeveria, you should wait a long period of time in order the plant use all the water storage inside its body.
Give time to it. Then you can understand when your Echeveria needs a watering again, by checking if the soil is totally dry and the leaves look wrinkly.
The Proper Soil Type
Never, ever let an Echeveria sit in a soaking wet soil for a long time. A wrong choice of the soil will lead the roots of a succulent plant rot, and an eventual death.
Succulents have to be planted in a special type of soil, providing the best conditions for them by the resemblance of a desert soil.
Specially mixed succulent soils will have the good drainage to keep the roots dry all the time. Make sure you use a succulent soil for your Echeveria.
Succulent soils contain an extra aggregate just like coarse sand or perlite. I prepare my own soil mixture at home. If you want to know much more about the succulent soil and how I do it myself, here is my detailed soil guide.
Best Pot for Echeverias
Together with the soil, the best drainage for an Echeveria is achieved by also a good draining pot. Don’t place the Echeverias in a pot without the drainage holes on the bottom.
I like to put my Echeverias inside ceramic or clay planters with wide drainage holes. This way the roots of my plants stay dry and breathe air easily.
Is Fertilizer Recommended for the Echeverias?
Succulents can get the nutritions from their soil. Although they necessarily do not need additive nutrition to survive, fertilizing Echeverias once in a year could help them thrive better.
Usually, spring is the best season for giving fertilizer to Echeverias. They tend to grow faster and give blossoms in this season.
Apply a slow-release fertilizer to the soil at the beginning of spring. Be aware of the over-fertilization and avoid strictly since it will cause the plant to burn.
Propagation: How Long Does it Take to Grow an Echeveria?
Growing an Echeveria from the seeds takes time and effort. It is not so simple but not impossible. Although, Echeverias are super easy to propagate from the leaves or the cuttings. Moreover, they already tend to grow many little offsets so, sometimes you don’t even have to bother.
If your Echeveria gives an offset, cut it with a sterilized knife or scissors, then leave on a dry surface for a few days. After that, you should place the little plant in the soil to make it grow roots in order to become a new plant.
Propagation of the Echeverias is more or less the same method. It is very helpful if the Echeveria grows too long or you think it is about to die due to too much watering.
Does an Echeveria Give Flower?
The answer is, yes! Echeverias blossom in various shapes and colors, generally as a long inflorescence. Once they are maintained well, they will give flowers every year around summer if they are mature enough.
Most species of Echeverias blooms at the end of the summer, but there are some exceptional ones blossoming in for example November.
It is a huge curiosity if the Echeverias die after flowering. Well, that is a false belief caused by the Sempervivums. Although the fact that Echeverias and Sempervivums come from the same family, Echeverias bloom in yearly periods while Sempervivums die after they give flowers.
Caring Echeverias Together in a House with Pets
Curious little kids are in danger of swallowing and ingesting colorful plants. Cats and dogs sometimes get sick because of the succulents but no need to worry about Echeverias.
Echeverias are totally safe and non-toxic if you wonder are they poisonous for your pets or little children. They make a great houseplant for the crowded families.
Best Echeveria Types
The genus of Echeveria has nearly 200 species, and new discoveries are still ongoing. Today more and more species of plants are being created by hybridization.
Here are some of the most popular varieties of Echeverias to buy and care!
These are small and stemless types of Echeverias, growing in a star shape. The pointy leaves can reach up to 12 centimeters. They give a slender pink-red flower in the summer every year.
Echeveria Laui is a very pretty species with its blue-green matte leaves and dreamy pink flowers. The rosettes grow very slowly until 15 centimeters of height and 12 centimeters of width.
This one is a fast growing succulent plant with blue-green leaves becoming red on the tip. Orange-pink flowers of Echeveria Peacockii grows usually around 25 centimeters.
Echeveria Elegans (also known as “Mexican Hens and Chicks”) is one of the most common types of succulents. This species is very easy to grow and multiply because of the offsets.
Echeveria Setosa a special kindof Echeveria because of its leaves which are covered by tiny white hairs. This stemless succulent is very wide and short.
Echeveria Lilacina is also known by the name of Ghost Echeveria, as a result of its beautiful shade of lilac. Symmetrical rosette blooms in orange color.
Echeverias are no wonder why so popular among the huge variety of succulent types. They can easily survive
Now that you know every little detail about your Echeveria, let me leave you to enjoy it!